FiberCouplerCurvedGrating

class picazzo3.fibcoup.curved.cell.FiberCouplerCurvedGrating(*args, **kwargs)

Class for the definition of periodic curved fiber grating couplers with a focal point that fit in a box.

Parameters:

inclination: float

out-of-plane angle of the grating coupler

socket: PCell and WgSocket

socket of the fiber coupler

grating: PCell

grating of this fiber coupler

start_trace_template: PCell and _WaveguideTemplate

start waveguide for the socket waveguide (narrow side)

wide_trace_template: PCell and _WaveguideTemplate

end waveguide for the socket waveguide (broad side)

name:

The unique name of the pcell

Views

Layout
Parameters:

fill_factor: float and fraction

Fill factor used to calculate the trench widths. 0 means no trench a all and 1 means that the trench covers the entire period

grating_transformation: GenericNoDistortTransform

n_o_lines: int and number > 0

Number of lines in the grating. By default this number is chosen so that the curves fit in the box width.

period_x: float and number > 0

Period in the x direction.

process: ProcessLayer

default process used for the grating

socket_extension: float and Real, number and number >= 0

extension of the wide side of the socket, asymmetric with respect to the specified center. By default this is calculated such that the entire grating fits in the socket with a margin of TECH.IO.FIBCOUP.CURVED.DEFAULT_SOCKET_MARGIN_FROM_GRATING

socket_straight_extension: Coord2

tuple: straight extension at start and end of socket

spread_angle: float

Angle in degrees of the far field radiation field of the socket. By default this is set to be equal to the angle of the taper that is set by its length and the width of the core of input and output waveguides.

view_name: str and ( Alphanumeric string or Contains _$ )

The name of the view

min_x: float and number > 0

Miniumum distance from the first line to the focus. By default it is set to the focal distance.

focal_distance_x: float

Distance between the vertical port of the grating and the focal point. By default this is TECH.IO.FIBCOUP.CURVED.GRATING.FOCAL_DISTANCE.

period_y: float and number > 0

Period in the y direction. By default equal to period_x

start_radius_y: float and number > 0

Starting radius in the y direction. By default this is set to start_period_x

box_width: float and number > 0

Width of the box used that contains the grating.

purpose:

socket_transformation: GenericNoDistortTransform

Other Parameters:
 

socket_length: locked

line_widths: locked

Line width of the grating coupler

start_radius_x: locked

centers: locked

focal_point: Coord2, locked

Coordinate of the east focus point shared by all ellipses. The y coordinate of the focuspoint has to be zero

ellipse_radii_x: locked

ellipse_radii_y: locked

end_angles: locked

start_angles: locked

Examples

Basic use:

# Example demonstrating the basic use of the FiberGratingCoupler.
from technologies import silicon_photonics
from ipkiss3 import all as i3

from picazzo3.fibcoup.curved import FiberCouplerCurvedGrating
from picazzo3.traces.wire_wg import WireWaveguideTemplate

# Creating the wire templates for the socket.
start_wg_tmpl = WireWaveguideTemplate()
start_wg_tmpl.Layout(core_width=0.5, cladding_width=2 * i3.TECH.WG.TRENCH_WIDTH + 0.5)
end_wg_tmpl = WireWaveguideTemplate()
end_wg_tmpl.Layout(core_width=17.0, cladding_width=2 * i3.TECH.WG.TRENCH_WIDTH + 17.0)

fc_cell = FiberCouplerCurvedGrating(start_trace_template=start_wg_tmpl,
                                    wide_trace_template=end_wg_tmpl)

fc_layout = fc_cell.Layout(period_x=0.8, # We with a period of 0.8
                           focal_distance_x=20.0) # We use a focal distance of 20.0

fc_layout.visualize(annotate=True)
../../../../_images/picazzo3-fibcoup-curved-cell-FiberCouplerCurvedGrating-1.png

Changing the n_o_lines and where to place the first line:

# Example demonstrating how to change the length of the grating coupler using n_o_lines
# and how to set the location of the first grating line using min_x
from technologies import silicon_photonics
from ipkiss3 import all as i3

from picazzo3.fibcoup.curved import FiberCouplerCurvedGrating
from picazzo3.traces.wire_wg import WireWaveguideTemplate

# Creating the wire templates for the socket.
start_wg_tmpl = WireWaveguideTemplate()
start_wg_tmpl.Layout(core_width=0.5, cladding_width=2 * i3.TECH.WG.TRENCH_WIDTH + 0.5)
end_wg_tmpl = WireWaveguideTemplate()
end_wg_tmpl.Layout(core_width=17.0, cladding_width=2 * i3.TECH.WG.TRENCH_WIDTH + 17.0)

fc_cell = FiberCouplerCurvedGrating(start_trace_template=start_wg_tmpl,
                                    wide_trace_template=end_wg_tmpl)

fc_layout = fc_cell.Layout(period_x=0.8, # We with a period of 0.8
                           focal_distance_x=20.0,# We use a focal distance of 20.0
                           n_o_lines=30,# We set the number of lines to 30
                           min_x=10.0) #We set the first line at 10.

fc_layout.visualize(annotate=True)
../../../../_images/picazzo3-fibcoup-curved-cell-FiberCouplerCurvedGrating-2.png

Changing the box_width:

# Example demonstrating how to change the box_width.
from technologies import silicon_photonics
from ipkiss3 import all as i3

from picazzo3.fibcoup.curved import FiberCouplerCurvedGrating
from picazzo3.traces.wire_wg import WireWaveguideTemplate

# Creating the wire templates for the socket.
start_wg_tmpl = WireWaveguideTemplate()
start_wg_tmpl.Layout(core_width=0.5, cladding_width=2 * i3.TECH.WG.TRENCH_WIDTH + 0.5)
end_wg_tmpl = WireWaveguideTemplate()
end_wg_tmpl.Layout(core_width=17.0, cladding_width=2 * i3.TECH.WG.TRENCH_WIDTH + 17.0)

fc_cell = FiberCouplerCurvedGrating(start_trace_template=start_wg_tmpl,
                                    wide_trace_template=end_wg_tmpl)

fc_layout = fc_cell.Layout(period_x=0.8, # We with a period of 0.8
                           focal_distance_x=20.0,# We use a focal distance of 20.0.
                           n_o_lines=30,#We set the number of lines to 30.
                           min_x=10.0,#We set the first line at 10.
                           box_width=40.0)# All the lines will be contained between -20 and 20

fc_layout.visualize(annotate=True)
../../../../_images/picazzo3-fibcoup-curved-cell-FiberCouplerCurvedGrating-3.png

Changing the fill_factor to set the line width:

# Example demonstrating how to change the fill_factor.
import technologies.silicon_photonics
from ipkiss3 import all as i3

from picazzo3.fibcoup.curved import FiberCouplerCurvedGrating
from picazzo3.traces.wire_wg import WireWaveguideTemplate

# Creating the wire templates for the socket.
start_wg_tmpl = WireWaveguideTemplate()
start_wg_tmpl.Layout(core_width=0.5, cladding_width=2 * i3.TECH.WG.TRENCH_WIDTH + 0.5)
end_wg_tmpl = WireWaveguideTemplate()
end_wg_tmpl.Layout(core_width=17.0, cladding_width=2 * i3.TECH.WG.TRENCH_WIDTH + 17.0)

fc_cell = FiberCouplerCurvedGrating(start_trace_template=start_wg_tmpl,
                                    wide_trace_template=end_wg_tmpl)

fc_layout = fc_cell.Layout(period_x=0.8, # We with a period of 0.8
                           focal_distance_x=20.0,# We use a focal distance of 20.0.
                           n_o_lines=30,#We set the number of lines to 30.
                           min_x=10.0,#We set the first line at 10.
                           fill_factor=0.2)  #Here we set the fill factor to 0.2 meaning that lines will be 0.2 * period_x thick

fc_layout.visualize(annotate=True)
../../../../_images/picazzo3-fibcoup-curved-cell-FiberCouplerCurvedGrating-4.png

Changing the start radii in the y direction:

# Example that illustrates the degrees of freedom at your disposal concerning the
# periodicity and radii of the gratings in the y direction. You have more freedom in
# y direction since the focus is in the x-axis.

from technologies import silicon_photonics
from ipkiss3 import all as i3

from picazzo3.fibcoup.curved import FiberCouplerCurvedGrating
from picazzo3.traces.wire_wg import WireWaveguideTemplate

# Creating the wire templates for the socket.
start_wg_tmpl = WireWaveguideTemplate()
start_wg_tmpl.Layout(core_width=0.5, cladding_width=2 * i3.TECH.WG.TRENCH_WIDTH + 0.5)
end_wg_tmpl = WireWaveguideTemplate()
end_wg_tmpl.Layout(core_width=17.0, cladding_width=2 * i3.TECH.WG.TRENCH_WIDTH + 17.0)

fc_cell = FiberCouplerCurvedGrating(start_trace_template=start_wg_tmpl,
                                    wide_trace_template=end_wg_tmpl)

fc_layout = fc_cell.Layout(focal_distance_x=20.0,# We use a focal distance of 20.0.
                           n_o_lines=30, # We use 30 lines.
                           period_x=0.8, # We with a period of 0.8
                           period_y=0.5, # period has to be smaller than the period in the x direction
                           start_radius_y=3.0, # Start_radius_y has to be smaller than min_x
                           fill_factor = 0.2, # Fill factor of 0.2
                           min_x = 10.0) #First line at 10.0

fc_layout.visualize(annotate=True)
../../../../_images/picazzo3-fibcoup-curved-cell-FiberCouplerCurvedGrating-5.png

Changing the socket extensions:

# Example demonstrating how to change the socket_extension.
import technologies.silicon_photonics
from ipkiss3 import all as i3

from picazzo3.fibcoup.curved import FiberCouplerCurvedGrating
from picazzo3.traces.wire_wg import WireWaveguideTemplate

# Creating the wire templates for the socket.
start_wg_tmpl = WireWaveguideTemplate()
start_wg_tmpl.Layout(core_width=0.5, cladding_width=2 * i3.TECH.WG.TRENCH_WIDTH + 0.5)
end_wg_tmpl = WireWaveguideTemplate()
end_wg_tmpl.Layout(core_width=17.0, cladding_width=2 * i3.TECH.WG.TRENCH_WIDTH + 17.0)

fc_cell = FiberCouplerCurvedGrating(start_trace_template=start_wg_tmpl,
                                    wide_trace_template=end_wg_tmpl)

fc_layout = fc_cell.Layout(period_x=0.8, # We with a period of 0.8
                           focal_distance_x=20.0, # We use a focal distance of 20.0.
                           n_o_lines=30, #We set the number of lines to 30.
                           min_x=10.0,#We set the first line at 10.
                           box_width=40.0,# All the lines will be contained between -20 and 20
                           socket_extension=30.0) #A socket extension will of 30.0 will be added

fc_layout.visualize(annotate=True)
../../../../_images/picazzo3-fibcoup-curved-cell-FiberCouplerCurvedGrating-6.png

Changing the straight socket extensions:

# Example demonstrating how to change the socket_straight_extensions.
import technologies.silicon_photonics
from ipkiss3 import all as i3

from picazzo3.fibcoup.curved import FiberCouplerCurvedGrating
from picazzo3.traces.wire_wg import WireWaveguideTemplate

# Creating the wire templates for the socket.
start_wg_tmpl = WireWaveguideTemplate()
start_wg_tmpl.Layout(core_width=0.5, cladding_width=2 * i3.TECH.WG.TRENCH_WIDTH + 0.5)
end_wg_tmpl = WireWaveguideTemplate()
end_wg_tmpl.Layout(core_width=17.0, cladding_width=2 * i3.TECH.WG.TRENCH_WIDTH + 17.0)

fc_cell = FiberCouplerCurvedGrating(start_trace_template=start_wg_tmpl,
                                    wide_trace_template=end_wg_tmpl)

fc_layout = fc_cell.Layout(period_x=0.8, # We with a period of 0.8
                           focal_distance_x=20.0,# We use a focal distance of 20.0.
                           n_o_lines=30,#We set the number of lines to 30.
                           min_x=10.0,#We set the first line at 10.
                           box_width=40.0,
                           socket_straight_extension=(10.0,5.0))# A straight extension of 10.0 will be added at the
                                                                #narrow side and 5.0 at the wide part of the socket.

fc_layout.visualize(annotate=True)
../../../../_images/picazzo3-fibcoup-curved-cell-FiberCouplerCurvedGrating-7.png